Intro | Background 2 | Breathe 2 | Manchester | Propositions 2 3 4 | References | Results 2 | Inquiries | Notes
1. Modest expectations embed more opportunities for pleasant surprises.
Surpassed, 2009, Ink
on poster board, 25 x 20 inches 63.5 x 51 cm.*
2. Tying pessimism to the mundane and optimism to transcendence is not a balanced, ambivalent view. It skews the bulk of available experiences to pessimism.
Cheap and Cheerful #1 & #2, 2009, neon and glitter pen, 11.625 x 7.75 inches / 29.5 x 45 cm* more info
3. This view is not balanced, but it is a logical one. Negative emotions and experiences are powerful.
For example, of the six basic universal emotions and the social emotions, most are negative.5
Cheap and Cheerful #3 & 4, 2009, neon and glitter pen, 11.625 x 7.75 inches / 29.5 x 45 cm.* more info
Psychologists have even noted that individual negative experiences carry more significance than positive ones.6
*Produced in the Breathe Residency at Chinese Arts Centre.
5. Paul Martin. Sex, Drugs and Chocolate: The Science of Pleasure. London: Fourth Estate  152
6. The research of John Gottman, a psychologist at the University of Washington, summarized by Stephanie Coontz. “History May Not Be a Guide,” a submission in “Husbands, Wives and Hard Times.” Room for Debate. New York: New York Times [April 8, 2009]